Three Centuries of Crisis - 4
If we now consider European history during the last centuries we can significantly say that the classical century of Louis XIV ("The State it is I" — i. e. ego-glorification) has all the characteristics of Saturn, socially and culturally. Versailles is the perfect symbol of a courtly, aristocratic and utterly formalistic society. Louis XIV was called le Roi soleil (the Sun-King), but Saturn and the sun are closely linked, as circumference and center are linked. It is against the concepts of "kingship by divine right" and of a union of Church and State (Jupiter and Saturn welded into one unit), and against social privileges, Church dogmatism and the cosmic mechanism of a Descartes, that the Uranian 18th century fought. The fight was led by Free-Masonry (with its ideal of comradeship of work and fraternity of soul), by the French Encyclopedists and their relentless criticisms of the Medieval mentality, by the Revolutionary Movements in America and in France.
Under these Uranian assaults and in the search for a principle of order more universal than that of the Classical era, the Neptunian quality of feeling emerged already toward the close of the 18th century in the glorification, by Jean-Jacques Rousseau, of "human nature" and in a strong belief among the new philosophers and scientists of the day in "natural law" as a substitute for a particular system of "revealed" religion and ethics. This trend developed into Romanticism and led to humanitarianism, French religious socialism, the Communist Manifesto, and the start of the first attempt at organizing on the basis of the "Divine Manifestation" a truly global "World Order" — the Bahai Movement. This great religious Movement, whose initial phase began in 1844 in Persia with the message of an extraordinary Personage, the Bab, (soon put to death by the Saturnian Mohammedan clergy) grew in power under his successor, Baha'u'llah, whom several millions of adherents to the Faith, organized in communities throughout every continent, regard as the Messenger of God and Law-Giver for the New Age — that Age so widely expected today everywhere as "the Aquarian Age."
The Industrial Revolution, based on the power of steam and later oil, is a Neptunian phenomenon. It dissolved what the power represented by Uranus had shattered and broken through. Yet every action of the universalizing forces has a reaction; and it tends to crystallize under the inertial resistance to change of Saturn-based privileges. The universalizing Neptunian forces stopped before reaching the whole globe, and manifested as the drive toward strong nations extending their influence around the globe by means of colonialism; and, as the aristocrats of the old European order had regained considerable power after the Napoleonic wars, they soon cornered the new energies released by the Industrial Revolution. At the opposite pole of society a new class of human beings, the Proletariat, became the field for the Neptunian forces which tend to level down and reduce every differentiated structure to a kind of liquid and amorphous chaos.
Neptune is the Universal Solvent of the Alchemists. It is the deep fog which rises from melting icebergs and covers the seashore. It refers to all kinds of "navigation" over large expanses of space, be these oceanic, or today atmospheric or stratospheric; and navigation links all seemingly separate continents and politically differentiated nations, building a vast and ever-expanding network of communications. These serve as lines of force upon which a future global society can be built. They also bring about "melting pot" conditions and what the old Hindus called the "confusion of castes."
By permission of Leyla Rudhyar Hill
Copyright © 1969 by Dane Rudhyar
and Copyright © 2001 by Leyla Rudhyar Hill
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